Mount Bromo (from Sanskrit: Brahma, one of the main Hindu Gods), is a volcano is still active and most famous as a tourist attraction in East Java. As a tourist attraction, Mount Bromo become attractive because of its status as the volcano is still active.
Bromo has a height of 2392 meters above sea level is located in four regions, namely Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Lumajang, and Malang Regency. Mount Bromo mesh body shape between valleys and canyons with a caldera or a sea of sand covering approximately 10 square kilometers.
Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter of ± 800 meters (north-south) and ± 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area of a circle with a radius of 4 km from the central crater of Bromo.
History of Mount Bromo
it is said in ancient times when the Majapahit kingdom under attack from various regions of the natives confusion to find a place to stay until they finally separated into 2 parts yan first headed to Mount Bromo and the second to Bali. 2 to this place until now have 2 in common they both Hindu beliefs.
Called Tengger tribe in the area of Mount Bromo, Tengger name comes from the legend of Roro and Joko Seger Anteng are believed to be the origin of the name of the Tengger. “Teng” An-name suffix Roro “teng” and “ger” suffix name of Ricardo Se-“ger” and Mount Bromo itself believed to be a sacred mountain. They refer to it as Mount Brahma. Javanese people then called Mount Bromo.
In a hermitage, the wife of a Brahmin / Pandhita just gave birth to a son who was physically very fit with a very loud cry at birth, and therefore the baby is given the name “Joko Seger”.
Somewhere around Mount Pananjakan, at that time there was a girl who was born from the god incarnation. Her face was beautiful and elegant. He was the only child of the most beautiful in the area. When born, the child does not like the baby is born. He was silent, do not cry when the first breath of air. The baby was so quiet, was born without crying from his mother’s womb. So by his parents, the baby was named Rara Anteng
From day to day the body Rara Anteng grow up. Beauty lines clearly visible on his face. Rara Anteng get to different places. Many prince proposed. But the proposal was rejected, because Anteng Rara has captivated his heart to Joko Seger.
One day Rara Anteng groom by a famous pirate and powerful magic. The notoriously evil pirate. Rara famous Anteng subtle feelings simply did not dare refuse to applicants that magic. So he asked that made the ocean in the middle of the mountain. With a strange request, the applicant considers that magic will not meet demand. The oceans are requested to be made in one night, which begins at sundown to finish when the sun rises. Anteng Rara approved the request.
Applicants magic before start working on the sea by means of a shell (coconut shell) and the work was almost done. Looking at this reality, the heart Rara Anteng getting restless. How to thwart the ocean that is being done by the plow? Rara Anteng contemplating his fate, he can not live a married man she did not love. Then he tried to calm himself. Arise suddenly intent to thwart the Pirate job.
Rara Anteng began to pound rice in the middle of the night. Slowly the sound collisions and friction alu chickens wake the sleeping. Rooster started shouted, as if dawn had arrived, but the population has not started with morning activities.
Plow hear chickens crowing, but the white thread on the east side have also appeared. Means dawn comes before its time. After that he was contemplating bad luck. Resentment and anger mixed emotions and ultimately shell (Coconut shell) used as a tool to dredge sand was tossed and fell face down on the side of Mount Bromo and turned into a mountain until now called Mount Batok.
With the failure to make a sea plow in the middle of Mount Bromo, Rara Anteng happy heart. He continued his relationship with his girlfriend, Joko Seger. Rara later Anteng and Joko Seger became a happy couple, because both of them love each other and love.
Rara pair Anteng and Jaka Seger build settlements and then ruled the region as Purbowasesa Mangkurat Tengger Ing Tengger, meaning “The Lord of the Tengger Budiman”. Tengger name is taken from the final syllable name Rara Anteng and Jaka Seger. The word also means Tenggering Tengger Budi Luhur or the introduction of high moral, eternal peace symbol.
From time to time Tengger society prosperous and peaceful life, but the authorities are not feeling happy, because after a while the couple Rara Anteng married and Tengger Jaka not been blessed with offspring. Then it was decided to climb to the top of Mount Bromo to meditate with full faith in the Almighty that in the given descent.
Suddenly there was a magical voice saying that they would come true meditation but with the condition when it is getting descent, the youngest child to be sacrificed to the crater of Mount Bromo, Roro pair Anteng and Jaka Seger agreed and then he got 25 sons and daughters, but the instinct when parents still do not have the heart to lose their child. In short pair Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng broken promises, God became angry with threatening to inflict evil, then there was the tempest state into darkness, the crater of Mount Bromo spewing fire.
Kusuma youngest son flames licked out of sight and into the crater of Bromo, concurrent loss of unseen voice Kusuma: “My brothers and sisters whom I love, I have been victimized by our parents and Hyang Widi save you all. Live a peaceful and serene, worship Hyang Widi. I remind you that every month Kasada on the 14th day holding offerings in the form of crops and in persambahkan to Hyang Widi up in the crater of Mount Bromo. This practice hitherto followed for generations by the people of Tengger and Kasada ceremony is held every year at Poten sea of sand and crater of Mount Bromo.
Such is the history of Mount Bromo hopefully this story into an unforgettable culture, and until now Mount Bromo become the most beautiful places in the blanket though many mysteries.
Mount Bromo is known in foreign countries by way of:
1. using online media as a promotional tool that Mount Bromo in the know on foreign
2. tourism ambassador
Indonesia has been a tourism ambassador for tourist attractions in Indonesia especially so in the bromo mountain known dimancanegara could be promoted by the tourism ambassador for foreign tourists coming to Indonesia and traveled to Mount Bromo
3. could also make a movie of Mount Bromo as attractive and broadcast on international television that can make foreign tourists visiting Mount Bromo